Bats affected by WNS

White-nose syndrome (WNS) is known to predominantly affect hibernating bats. More than half of the 47 bat species living in the United States and Canada rely on hibernation for winter survival.

Nine bat species, including two endangered species and one threatened species, have been confirmed with white-nose syndrome in North America. The causative fungus, Pseudogymnoascus destructans (P.d.), has been found on an additional six species, including one endangered species, without confirmation of the disease.

In North America

Confirmed: Bat species identified with diagnostic symptoms of WNS:

  • Big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus
  • Eastern small-footed bat (Myotis leibii)
  • Gray bat (Myotis grisescens) *endangered
  • Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis) *endangered
  • Little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus
  • Northern long-eared bat (Myotis septentrionalis) *threatened
  • Southeastern bat (Myotis austroriparius
  • Tricolored bat (Perimyotis subflavus
  • Yuma bat (Myotis yumanensis

     

    Pd positive: Bat species and subspecies on which Pseudogymnoascus destructans has been detected, but no diagnostic sign of WNS has been documented:

  • Eastern red bat (Lasiurus borealis
  • Silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans
  • Rafinesque's big-eared bat (Corynorhinus rafinesquii
  • Virginia Big-Eared Bat (Corynorhinus townsendii virginianus) *endangered
  • Cave bat (Myotis velifer)
  • Townsend's big-eared bat (Corynorhinus townsendii)
     


In Europe and Asia

Confirmed: Bat species identified with diagnostic symptoms of WNS:

  • Common bent-wing bat (Miniopterus schreibersii
  • Greater mouse-eared bat (Myotis myotis
  • Daubenton's bat (Myotis daubentonii
  • Bechstein's bat (Myotis bechsteinii
  • Natterer's bat (Myotis nattereri
  • Brandt's bat (Myotis brandtii
  • Geoffroy's bat (Myotis emarginatus
  • Pond bat (Myotis dasycneme
  • Northern bat (Eptesicus nilssonii
  • Barbastelle (Barbastellus barbastellus
  • Brown long-eared bat (Plecotus auritus
  • Mediterranean horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus euryale
  • Lesser horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros
  • Eastern water bat (Myotis petax

 

Pd positive: Bat species on which Pseudogymnoascus destructans has been detected, but no diagnostic sign of WNS has been documented:

  • Whiskered bat (Myotis mystacinus
  • Lesser mouse-eared bat (Myotis oxygnathus
  • Big-footed bat(Myotis macrodactylus
  • Large bat(Myotis chinensis
  • Ussuri tube-nosed bat (Murina ussuriensis
  • Greater tube-nosed bat (Murina leucogaster
  • Greater horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum