Bats affected by WNS

White-nose syndrome (WNS) is known to predominantly affect hibernating bats. More than half of the 47 bat species living in the United States and Canada rely on hibernation for winter survival.

Seven bat species, including two endangered species and one threatened species, have been confirmed with white-nose syndrome. The causative fungus, Pseudogymnoascus destructans (P.d.), has been found on an additional five species, including one endangered species, without confirmation of the disease.

UPDATE: The cave bat, Myotis velifer had been identified with Pd in Oklahoma in 2010. This detection of the fungus was found to be a false-positive result. At this time, cave bat is no longer on the list of species affected by WNS or documented carrying Pd.


Confirmed: Bat species identified with diagnostic symptoms of WNS:

In North America
  • Big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus) (Blehert et al. 2009)
  • Eastern small-footed bat (Myotis leibii)
  • Gray bat (Myotis grisescens) *endangered
  • Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis) *endangered
  • Little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus) (Blehert et al. 2009)
  • Northern long-eared bat (Myotis septentrionalis) (Blehert et al. 2009)*threatened
  • Tricolored bat (Perimyotis subflavus) (Blehert et al. 2009)

  • In Europe

  • Common bent-wing bat (Miniopterus schreibersii) (Zukal et al. 2016)
  • Greater mouse-eared bat (Myotis myotis) (Pikula et al. 2012)
  • Daubenton's bat (Myotis daubentonii) (Zukal et al. 2014)
  • Bechstein's bat (Myotis bechsteinii) (Zukal et al. 2014)
  • Natterer's bat (Myotis nattereri) (Zukal et al. 2014)
  • Brandt's bat (Myotis brandtii) (Zukal et al. 2014)
  • Geoffroy's bat (Myotis emarginatus) (Zukal et al. 2014)
  • Pond bat (Myotis dasycneme) (Zukal et al. 2014)
  • Northern bat (Eptesicus nilssonii) (Zukal et al. 2014)
  • Barbastelle (Barbastellus barbastellus) (Zukal et al. 2014)
  • Brown long-eared bat (Plecotus auritus) (Zukal et al. 2014)
  • Mediterranean horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus euryale) (Zukal et al. 2016)
  • Lesser horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros) (Zukal et al. 2014)

  • In Asia

  • Eastern water bat (Myotis petax) (Hoyt et al. 2016)

    Pd positive: Bat species on which Pseudogymnoascus destructans has been detected, but no diagnostic sign of WNS has been documented:

    In North America
  • Eastern red bat (Lasiurus borealis) (Bernard et al. 2015)
  • Southeastern bat (Myotis austroriparius)
  • Silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans) (Bernard et al. 2015)
  • Rafinesque's big-eared bat (Corynorhinus rafinesquii) (Bernard et al. 2015)
  • Virginia Big-Eared Bat (Corynorhinus townsendii virginianus) *endangered
  • In Europe

  • Whiskered bat (Myotis mystacinus) (Martinkova et al. 2010)
  • Lesser mouse-eared bat (Myotis oxygnathus) (Wibbelt et al. 2010)

    In Asia

  • Big-footed bat(Myotis macrodactylus) (Hoyt et al. 2016)
  • Large bat(Myotis chinensis) (Hoyt et al. 2016)
  • Ussuri tube-nosed bat (Murina ussuriensis) (Hoyt et al. 2016)
  • Greater tube-nosed bat (Murina leucogaster) (Hoyt et al. 2016)
  • Greater horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum) (Hoyt et al. 2010)